GPO Box 12529 | Suva | Fiji
Tel: +679 3323779 (Office); +679 9378780 (mobile)
Master of Agricultural Development Economics – Australian National University, Canberra.
Thesis title: “Fiji’s Food Self-Sufficiency Policy with Special Reference to Rice Production.”
Bachelor of Agricultural Science – Massey University, NZ.
2016 – Present
6 Dec 2006 – 2015
- 2-person consultancy: Review of USP Member Country Benefits, 19 February-30 April 2015.
- Consultant for Fiji’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation to write an issues paper on the reconfiguration of the Pacific regional diplomatic architecture, 31 December 2014
- MSG High Level Representative for 2 years wef 2013
- Chair of the Steering Committee of the Trade Pasifika 2014- wef June 2013
- MSG Eminent Persons Group- April-June 2013
- ACP Eminent Persons Group – wef March 2013
- Training Facilitator, MSG Secretariat Management and Leadership Training, 16-20 July 2012, Port Vila, Vanuatu
- UNDP Contract for the services of Individual Contractor (20 February 2012): Chair of the Steering Committee of the Trade Pasifika 2012, 25-27 June 2012, Nadi, Fiji.
- Consultancy: “Mapping study of key regional agricultural and rural development policy processes in the Pacific”, Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation, CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 27 October 2011, Phases 1 & 2. Phase 2 comprised a Planning Workshop on 12-14 September 2012 in Wageningen when I presented my report.
- Consultancy: Special Trade Negotiations Adviser, PIFS, 27 April 2011
- Two-person Consultancy: “Establishing a regional mechanism (or institute) to provide sustainable and ongoing training in the Pacific on education policy and planning” UNESCO, 27April -31 July 2011
- Consultancy: Co-Facilitator and presenter: PIPSO’s Pacific Islands Business Forum on “Advancing the Pacific: Regional Collaborations and Opportunities”, 8-9 December 2010, Fiji
- Pacific Correspondent for CTA’s web portal Agritrade – standing provision with effect from August 2010
- Consultancy: Facilitator for PIFS’ ‘Non-State Actors Dialogue on Engaging with NSAs on PACER Plus’, Honiara, Solomon Islands, 18 October 2010
- Consultancy: PLP’s ‘Pacific Leadership Development Organizations Scoping Study”, June-October 2010
- Consultancy: Facilitator and Rapporteur, PIFS “Private Sector Dialogue – Improving Access to Finance for the Pacific Private Sector” under the Cairns Compact, 4 August 2010, Port Vila, Vanuatu,
- Consultancy: Facilitator and Rapporteur, PIPSO-PACREIP-EU workshop on “Strengthening Pacific Islands Private Sector to meet Global Opportunities”, 23-25 June 2010, Fiji
- Consultancy: Member of a 3-person team to review and finalize the share ownership and structure of the Kadavu Development Company, Kadavu Holdings Limited, June-September 2010
- Consultancy: Facilitator for Workshop on ‘Trade Agreements for Regional Economic Integration’ as part of the 12th FAO Roundtable Meeting for PICs on WTO and Regional Trade Agreements and Provisions, Wellington, NZ, 22 September 2009.
- Consultancy: Facilitator for the PIPSO “Regional PACER Plus Awareness Workshop”, Nadi, Fiji, 25 June 2009.
- Consultancy: “PIPSO-PIFS Relations” – by PIPSO/Pacific Leadership Programme, March 2009
- Consultancy: Third Party Evaluator (TPE) under a TPE contract with Ernst & Young SN Global Solution Co Ltd, Japan, to provide opinion on an ODA Fiji Project Evaluated in Fiscal Year 2007, 14 December 2008
- Consultancy: PIPSO’s ‘National Private Sector Organization (NPSO) Survey’ by PIPSO/Pacific Leadership Programme- August 2008 – October 2009.
- Consultancy: Technical Assistance for Coordination of the Private Sector Enabling Environment Facility (PSEEF)’s ‘Private Sector Development Activities in Fiji’ by BizClim – May 2008.
- Consultancy: Pacific Islands Private Sector Organization (PIPSO)’s “Resource Mobilisation Document & Programme Profiles” – and related work by PIPSO/PACREIP – May 2008 – June 2009.
- Consultancy: as Senior Trade Adviser (EPA Negotiations) with PIFS, focusing on TSA and TMNP, June 2007.
- Member of a 3-person AusAID team, under the Pacific Land Program, produced a report on Fiji’s NLTB as a case study: May 2007
- This included having to participate in subsequent Peer Review meetings, e.g. in Canberra (March 2008)
- Member of a 2-person PIFS Task Force to review RAMSI: April 2007
- This included having to submit and defend the report at the Forum Leaders Meeting in Tonga (October 2007), the Enhanced Consultative Mechanism and the Forum Ministerial Standing Committee meetings in the Solomon Islands (February 2008)
- 1-person PIFS team to Review Nauru Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and Membership of International and Regional Organizations: April 2007
- Paper: “Rethinking Regional Architecture in the Context of Framing Regional Security”, Pacific Regional Security Symposium, University of Canterbury, 25-26 November 2015.
- Paper: “Regional Integration: drivers, challenges, opportunities, strategic partnerships,’ EU Regional Seminar: South-East Asia and the Pacific, Hanoi, 9-13 November 2015
- Presentation: “Fiji and Regional Security”, Security Partnership: Future Challenges for Fiji Symposium”, USP, Suva, 16-17 July 2015.
- Presentation: “Pacific Diplomacy and the Future regional Architecture”, The New Pacific Diplomacy Workshop, USP, 4-5 December 2014. My paper: “Towards a New Regional Diplomacy Architecture” was published as Chapter 3 in ‘The New Pacific Diplomacy’, 2015, ANU Press.
- Paper: “Today’s Vision: Tomorrow’s Reality – A Blue-Green economy”, Fiji Institute of Accountants 2014 Congress, 24 May 2014.
- Presentation: “Agricultural Trade Issues in the Pacific, 2012-1013, 16-17 September 2013, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
- Presentation: “PIDF and the Future of Pacific Regionalism”, 5 September 2013, USP Panel Discussion
- Presentations: “Reconfiguration of Pacific Regionalism”, “Sustainable Trade and Business – The Way Forward”, Joint Fiji Australia Business Council Forum, 1-3 December 2012, Sigatoka, Fiji
- Paper: “What have we learned about the factors that shape the regional institutional structure, and how might this structure be optimized for the benefit of Pacific Island Countries”, ‘What Can We Learn’ Symposium, funded by Australia, NZ, UNDP, ESCAP and ADB, 6-8 November 2012, USP, Suva, Fiji
- Paper: “The EU and the Pacific – Comparative Regional Integration”, Centre for Conflict Resolution’s Policy Research Seminar, 29-30 October 2012, Cape Town, South Africa. My paper “The EU and the Pacific: A Tale of Unfulfilled Expectations” was published as Chapter 5 in ‘The ACP Group and the EU Development Partnership: Beyond the North-South Debate’, 2017, Palgrave MacMiillan.
- Presentation: “Mighty Neighbors to East and West – Impact and Opportunities for Economic Growth”, Asia-Pacific Forum, Club de Madrid, 5-6 July 2012, Papeete, French Polynesia
- Public Debate: “That in this Pacific century and a new era of strategic contest, Island States should be neutral”- For the Affirmative, Pacific Institute of Public Policy,13 June 2012, Port Vila, Vanuatu
- Presentation: “EPA Opportunities in Europe – Market Access, Trade Facilitation”, 1st Pacific-EU Business Forum, 11-12 June 2012, Port Vila, Vanuatu
- Presentation: “The Pacific – Aid and Integration”, under ANU’s ‘Doubling Australian Aid’ Conference, ANU, Canberra, 7 February 2011
- Presentations: (i) “The Relevance of the Paris Declaration to Pacific CSOs” (ii) “What might Pacific Governments expect from Pacific CSOs and what Accountability Mechanisms should CSOs consider” (iii) “Trade Justice and PACER Plus”: Pacific Regional Consultation for the Open Forum on CSO Development Effectiveness by PIANGO, 5-7 May 2010, Nuku’alofa, Tonga.
- Presentation: “Strengthening High Impact Leadership Development Organizations: Influencing Government Decisions – The government perspectives”- Pacific Leadership Programme (PLP) Inaugural Convention, 20-22 April 2010, Clear Mountain Lodge, Brisbane, Australia.
- Presentation: “PACER Plus in the context of Fiji and the Pacific – Facing Tomorrow Today”- FABC/AFBC Forum 2009, 30 November 2009, Intercontinental Hotel, Natadola, Fiji.
- Paper: “PACER Plus – Introduction and Overview” presented to the Fiji-Australia Business Council (FABC), Suva, 4 September 2009
- Paper: “The Case of Launching PACER Plus and the Predicament of the Fiji Situation in the Context of Pacific Regionalism”, Pacific Wave Conference: Weathering the Economic Storm, Auckland, NZ, 3-4 June 2009, by Pacific Cooperation Foundation & Brother International (NZ) Limited.
- Chair’s Report: “Moving Forward on PACER Plus” – Fourth Officials’ Informal Meeting, 13-15 May 2009, Port Vila, Vanuatu, by NZ and Vanuatu Governments. I then presented all the Chairs’ Reports of the Informal Consultations to the Forum Trade Officials Meeting in Apia, Samoa on 11-12 June 2009. Prior to this, I presented to the Informal Forum Trade Ministerial Meeting in Auckland, 8-10 May 2009.
- Chair’s Report: “Moving Forward on PACER Plus” – Third Officials’ Informal Meeting, 16-18 February 2009, Adelaide, Australia, by the Australian Government
- Paper: “Engagement of Non-State Actors in PACER Plus” presented at the Regional Trade Officials’ Informal Meeting: Moving Forward on PACER by the Australian Government, 12-14 November 2008, Nuku’alofa, Tonga
- Paper: “Using Skills and Resources Creatively to Fight Poverty,” presented at FRIEND’s ‘Stakeholders Forum for Developing Enterprises for Sustainable Income’, 1 November 2008, Lautoka, Fiji.
- Paper: “Melanesia-NZ Relations as a Pathway to Greater Pacific Regionalism” presented at the Melanesian Symposium Tok Talanoa –Pathway to the Future of Melanesia and NZ by the Pacific Cooperation Foundation, 29-30 September 2008, Wellington, NZ.
- Paper: “What do we want out of PACER – Coverage?” presented at the Regional Trade Officials’ Informal Meeting: Moving Forward on PACER by the NZ Government, 26-28 May 2008, Auckland, NZ.
- Paper: “EPA and what will it mean to Fiji”, presented to the Fiji Australia Business Forum 2007, 2-4 December 2007, Suva, Fiji.
- Paper: “EC-PACP EPA Interim Agreement – Services and Investment”, presented to the Pacific EPA Information Seminar by the EU, 26 November 2007, Port Vila, Vanuatu.
- Board member of the Executive Development Properties Ltd, Kadavu Holdings Limited, FijiCare Insurance Limited, and R B Patel Group Ltd
- Director of 5 private companies, viz: Tavola Holdings Ltd, Tavola Properties Co Ltd (Kingfisher Consultancy), Senirokula Ltd, Design Island Ltd, and Navusalevu Investment Co Ltd
Senator and Minister for Foreign Affairs & External Trade in the Fiji Government
[May 2006 – 5 Dec 2006]
- Chief Negotiator for the Pacific ACP States negotiating an Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU
Member of Parliament and Minister for Foreign Affairs & External Trade
[Sep 2001 – May 2006]
- Chief Negotiator for the Pacific ACP States negotiating an Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU
- Responsibilities included preparatory work, monitoring and implementation of trade agreements, e.g. WTO, SPARTECA, PICTA, PACER and MSGTA
- Fiji’s Representative, and as a Minister, to the WTO Ministerial Conferences in Cancun (2003) and Hong Kong (2005). In Cancun, I was the ACP/G90 Spokesperson on the Small Economies Work Programme and on Non-Agricultural Market Access (NAMA). In Hong Kong, I was the ACP/G90 Spokesperson on Trade Rules
Interim Minister for Foreign Affairs & External Trade & Sugar
[Jul 2000 – Sep 2001]
- A major responsibility was to normalize Fiji’s bilateral and multilateral relations with foreign Governments and international organizations, after the coup of 2000.
Deputy Chief Executive – Fiji Sugar Marketing Co Ltd, Suva
[Aug 1998 – Jul 2000]
- Responsible for the Suva Office, acting as the interface between the Company and Government
- Responsible also for all sugar matters under the WTO and the Cotonou Agreement. I was an advisor to the WTO Ministerial Conference in Seattle in 1999
- My involvement in corporate directorship during this period included: Fijian Holdings Limited, Merchant Bank of Fiji Limited (now Merchant Finance) and Carlton Brewery (Fiji) Limited (now Foster’s Group Pacific Limited)
Head of the Fiji Mission to the EU, based in Brussels
[Feb 1988 – Aug 1998]
- Ambassador to Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Greece
- Permanent Representative to UNESCO, FAO, GATT/WTO, WCO, and OPCW
- Fiji’s Representative to IFAD, MFO and PCA
- On occasions, Fiji’s Representative to UN (Geneva/Vienna), World Tourism Organization (Lisbon), ITU (Geneva)
Negotiating roles I participated in during this period included:
- ACP Spokesperson on Least-developed, Landlocked and Island Countries in the ACP-EU Negotiations for Lome IV
- Member of the ACP Co-ordinating Group for the same negotiations
- Chief Ambassadorial Negotiator for the ACP Group for the last six months of the same negotiations leading up to the signing of the Lome IV Convention in Lome, Togo, on 15 December 1989
- Fiji’s spokesperson for Fiji’s accession to GATT, for the negotiations under the Uruguay Round, and for accession to the WTO. I continued this role, in my capacity as advisor, in the WTO Ministerial Conferences in Singapore (1996) and in Geneva (1998)
- Member of the ACP Co-ordinating Group for the Mid-Term Review of Lome IV
- Chief Negotiator for the ACP Sugar Group in the negotiations on additional preferential sugar access to the EU (Portugal and Finland). This led to the signing of the Special Preferential Sugar Agreement (SPS) in June 1995
- ACP Sugar Spokesperson in the preparatory work for the negotiations for a successor agreement to Lome IV. This eventually led to the Cotonou Agreement.
- In 1992, I was the Commissioner General for the South Pacific Pavilion at EXPO’92 in Seville, Spain
- For the first 3 years in Brussels, I was also the FSM Co Ltd Representative there
Fiji Sugar Marketing (FSM) Co Ltd Representative, London
Commercial Counsellor, Fiji High Commission, London
[May 1984 – Feb 1988]
- With my duel role, and accountable to two authorities and operating under two budgets, I handled all commercial and tourism matters for the High Commission, and having to interface with Fiji’s sugar buyers, and brokers. I was also cross-accredited to Brussels on sugar matters under the Lome Convention
- I chaired the Council for the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau during its transition to the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau International (CABI)
- I participated in the negotiations for a new International Sugar Agreement (ISA) and later represented Fiji to the International Sugar Organization Council and the International Coffee Organization
Held various positions in the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forests, including being its Chief Economist
[Feb 1973 – May 1984]
- As Chief Economist, I was responsible for the ministry’s planning – including Economic and Statistics, Land Use, and Farm Management.
- My involvement with ACP-EU Relations started in 1975 with Lome I, being responsible for the monitoring and implementation of the STABEX system, and with sugar price negotiations from 1976
- I also participated in the annual sugar price negotiations with various Pacific Island Countries and separately with NZ
- I was the Local Counterpart to a number of international consultants, including for the Tree-Crop (Coconut) Industry (FAO) and sugar (World Bank)
- I was a member of team that reviewed the scope and operation of the Alafua College in Apia
- Other issues of intimate involvement included: Agricultural statistics and training, project and manpower development and planning, risk management, population mobility and development, agrarian reform and rural development, agricultural price stabilization, price policy and agricultural marketing
- My involvement in corporate directorship during this period included: Rewa Rice Ltd, Batiri Citrus Project Ltd, Fiji Sugar Marketing Co Ltd and Rewa Dairy Co Ltd (observer)
Date of birth 10 October, 1946
Place of birth Dravuni, Ono, Kadavu, Fiji
Nationality Fiji Citizen
Civil status Married. Three children, seven beautiful granddaughters and three handsome grandsons
Hobbies Reading, gardening, music, golf and blogging.
Artistic Diversion Co-curatorship of Exhibition: “Dravuni – Sivia yani na Vunilagi: Beyond the Horizon,” New Zealand Maritime Museum, Auckland, June-October 2016
Board member of the Pacific Institute of Public Policy, PiPP
Blogger for PiPP – see http://pacificpolicy.org/
Member of the ACP Business Climate Facility (BizClim) ‘Network of Associate Experts’
Chair: ANZ Bank Local Advisory Board
Trustee: Save the Children, Fiji
Member: Pacific Leadership Coalition on Green Growth
National Honour Officer of the Order of Fiji, OF
International Membership Member of the Pew Whales Commission